Agriculture is the main occupation of rural communities of Nepal. Rearing domesticated animals along with growing crops for substantial purpose is their main target. Mostly women are found to be involved more in agriculture related occupation in comparison to men.Nepal has the highest ratio of women’s involvement in agriculture among south Asian countries. So, they are the backbone of Nepalese agriculture.
Majority of labor force in livestock raising represents women. Mark of feminism prevails in agriculture, the main reason being gender stereotypes and biases. Males are expected to work out of house, either in office or abroad while all the household chores are in woman’s hand. In the rural areas growing crops like gourds, pumpkins, etc. undoubtedly becomes the part of women’s day-to-day business.Collecting fodder, feeding the livestock, plowing the land, producing the crops , all becomes the responsibility of women.
Farming would have been far easier if labor forces were easily available, if seeds and fertilizers were cheaply accessible. It’s not like that every female farmers are in outreach of such stuffs. Rural women are not even aware of those things.Similarly new technologies and scientific approaches are lacking. They mostly rely on agriculture just for the sake of filling empty stomachs. We can find urban women adopting commercial agriculture which enable them to earn some amount of money. Some have applied new innovations too. This makes them economically viable and socially secure.
Agriculture, it’s a good way to flourish and improve the condition of rural as well as underprivileged women. The government of Nepal has aimed at providing extension training programs to targeted women and disadvantaged groups. Irrigation, fertilizer, improved varieties of seeds, improved breed of animals, etc. should be provided to the women farmers. Focus on monitoring and strengthening economic status of women through agricultural policies is of prime concern. Necessary environment for accessing entrepreneurial skills to the women so as to facilitating their networking for leadership and skill development is a necessary evil.